What is the Coronavirus?
The COVID-19 is caused by SARS-CoV-2, a coronavirus that emerged in December 2019. Coronaviruses are a wide family of viruses that may infect both animals and humans. Several coronaviruses are known to cause respiratory infections in humans, ranging from the common cold to more common complications. It is also known as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). For COVID 19 Specialists in Mumbai consult Dr. Parthiv Shah, Top pulmonologist in Mumbai.
New Variant OMICRON
The Omicron variant of COVID-19 has been called a variant of concern by WHO based on the evidence that it has several mutations that may have an impact on how it behaves. In places with established community transmission, there is clear evidence that Omicron spreads substantially quicker than Delta, with a doubling period of 2-3 days. The total risk associated with this new variation remains very high.
What are the COVID-19 symptoms?
- The most prevalent COVID-19 symptoms are fever, fatigue, loss of taste sensation and a dry cough.
- Body aches and pains, nasal congestion, a runny nose, a sore throat, or diarrhea may occur in certain people.
- Typically, these symptoms are modest and develop gradually. Some individuals acquire infection yet do not show any signs and symptoms.
The majority of patients (about 80%) recover from the condition without requiring any specific therapy. One in every six persons who get COVID-19 becomes extremely unwell and has difficulties breathing.
People over the age of 65, as well as those with underlying medical conditions such as high blood pressure, heart disease, or diabetes, are more prone to acquire severe illness. People who have a fever, a cough, or are having trouble breathing should consult a doctor.
If you feel any of the above symptoms and breathing difficulty, Book your appointment with Dr. Parthiv Shah.
How is COVID-19 spreading?
COVID-19 may be caught from those who have the virus. When a person with COVID-19 coughs or exhales, small droplets from the nose or mouth disseminate the illness from person to person. These drops fall to the ground and settle on items and surfaces surrounding the individual. Others contract COVID-19 by touching these things or surfaces, then contacting their eyes, nose, or mouth. People may potentially get COVID-19 if they breathe in droplets from a COVID-19 infected person who coughs or exhales droplets. This is why it is essential to keep at least one meter (3 feet) away from a sick individual.
Is it possible for the virus that causes COVID-19 to spread via the air?
According to current research, the virus that causes COVID-19 is mostly transmitted by contact with respiratory droplets rather than via the air.
Can CoVID-19 be acquired from a person who is asymptomatic?
The illness spreads mostly by respiratory droplets exhaled by coughing people. The chance of contracting COVID-19 from someone who has no symptoms is quite low. However, many persons with COVID-19 simply have minor symptoms. This is especially true during the early stages of the illness.
In October 2020, the FDA authorized remdesivir, an antiviral medication, to treat coronavirus infection. The approval signal was provided based on evidence showing that a small sample of hospitalized patients who were given remdesivir improved their symptoms and recovered quicker. The medicine may be administered to children over the age of 12 who weigh at least 40 kgs, as well as adults who have been hospitalized.
Doctors have been using corticosteroids to treat severely unwell COVID-19-infected persons since the pandemic began. This medication is useful for those who are having a cytokine storm (hyper-immune reaction). In such circumstances, a person’s overactive immune system destroys the lungs and other bodily components, often leading to life-threatening complications. Dexamethasone and other corticosteroids are effective anti-inflammatory medications. These are inexpensive and widely accessible.
Remdesivir with Baricitinib
According to a clinical investigation, the combination of baricitinib and remdesivir is effective in treating COVID-19. Baricitinib is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. When paired with remdesivir, it aids in the reduction of hospitalized patients’ recovery time. While the combination seems to be effective, further clinical trials are required.
Blood Thinners or Anticoagulants
Most persons who need hospitalization for COVID-19 therapy are given blood clot-preventing medicines. Preventive blood thinners, according to new research, are likely to minimize mortality in COVID patients.
Treatments using Monoclonal Antibodies (mAB)
Monoclonal antibodies naturally produce to attack foreign particles such as the SARS-CoV-2 virus. The mAB therapy will most likely lower the likelihood of getting severe COVID-19 symptoms.
People who have recovered from coronavirus infection have antibodies in their blood that aid in attacking the virus and healing. Convalescent plasma treatment employs the use of recovered patients’ blood products (plasma) to treat coronavirus-infected individuals. It is both safe and often used.
Molnupiravir is a medicine that prevents the SARS-CoV-2 virus from multiplying by inserting faults into its genetic coding. Molnupiravir is taken orally every 12 hours for five days in the form of four 200 mg capsules, for a total of 40 capsules. Molnupiravir should not be used for more than five consecutive days.
Molnupiravir is not a replacement for immunization in those who need the COVID-19 vaccine and a booster dose. The FDA has approved one vaccine and authorized others to prevent COVID-19 infection and the adverse clinical consequences associated with it, such as hospitalization and death. The FDA urges the public to be vaccinated and, if eligible, take a booster shot.
What can I do to protect myself and prevent illness from spreading?
- Hands should be properly cleaned on a regular basis using an alcohol-based hand scrub or washed with soap and water.
- Maintain a space of at least one meter (3 feet) between yourself and someone who is coughing or sneezing.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth.
- Make sure you and those around you practise excellent respiratory hygiene. When you cough or sneeze, cover your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or a tissue. Then, throw away the used tissue as soon as possible.
- If you are having symptoms, stay at home. Seek medical treatment if you have a fever, cough, or trouble breathing. Follow the guidelines provided by your doctor.
These are some of the most regularly utilized COVID-19 therapy methods throughout the globe. Furthermore, after significant investigation, scientists have discovered certain human-safe vaccinations. Get immunized and protect yourself from COVID 19.
COVID 19 PANDEMIC IS CONSTANTLY EVOLVING AND THINGS ARE DYNAMIC
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